Sunflower seed is grown in large areas in southern parts of Europe which are not drought prone. It is also grown in Ukraine, Russia and South America and the oil generally carries a premium due to its excellent quality characteristics for certain food applications. The seed is harvested and delivered to the crush plant whereby the oil is extracted and refined and can also undergo an interestification step which maintains the oil in a liquid state when exposed to temperatures below freezing. As part of the refining process sunflower acid oil is produced and is used as a raw material in Goldstar Vegetable Oil blends.